Rugged Raw 2 offcuts and premiere details

Rugged-Raw-2

No joke, Rugged Raw 2 has been scheduled for a premiere at the House of Vans in London on April 1st. Jake Martinelli’s new VX production will have footage of many London lurkers, including Harry Hughes, Josh Cox, Joe Sivell, Horsey, Sam Hayter and more.

Get some of his offcuts from the flick today ahead of the screening.

Here’s the trailer.

Exposed: Mouth of the Ribble

MOTR BLINGBlackpool can be extremely thought provoking. Those thoughts mainly consisting of big plastic cocks and rock emblazoned in phrases you wouldn’t want entering your child’s mouth. Once you look behind the dazzling lights of the British town dubbed as a Mini Las Vegas, it can sure be another story.

This group of friends are hell bent on hauling themselves down almost anything skate-able and are shining a new light on this seaside delight in the form of many seaside showdowns. After seeing snippets of how these boys have worked their socks off filming for Mouth of the Ribble we asked their kingpin, Jake Powell, a few questions about his new scene flick and what went down in the making of it.

11034224_612060588923952_7382357915004147412_n

So, Jake, all in all how long has it taken for you to gather the mass amount of footage for this film?

We properly started gathering footage around three years ago, but the last year has been the most intense, simply in terms of trying to get it finished. When we began making the film I was in my final year of university and spent a lot of my time filming, instead of studying. However, since August 2013 I’ve been in full time work. As many people know it can be very hard finding the time to film, especially when working with a crew who are free at different times, studying in different areas and of course, having to deal with the harsh reality of soaked out sessions, but that’s what you expect from living up north by the sea.

buttquote

What compelled you to make a full length film? With the pace of online content it is becoming a rarity.

My initial aim was not to make a full-length feature but to make a 15/20 minute mix edit, mainly influenced by Sam Fickinger’s BATTYLIFE video. After a while though more and more people wanted to get involved and everybody wanted a premiere. It made complete sense to make such a big thing about it due to the effort that everybody has put into it.

Obviously you are from Blackpool, was most of the footage shot there?

I would say a solid 90% is filmed in and around the Blackpool area. There are so many spots, and lots others would deem as write-offs; it isn’t unusual to have to sweep up used condoms and cigarette butts before you get to skate. Besides this the spots are sick and I hope the video really shows that. We took a few trips to Manchester visiting Lloyd Mcleggon. On another occasion the Mashlife crew gave us a tour of Huddersfield, which was extremely nice of them! That’s where Henry skated into a river in his shit-stained boxers whilst covering his pierced nipples, worried his Mum might see the footage. (Rumbled, sorry about that.)

CNV00001

Retrospectively is there anything from the filming process that stands to be particularly memorable?

Honestly, there are far too many, I could ramble on for hours about the strange moments endured with these boys, I’m just going to name a few. From Josh Sanderson breaking his face whilst skating the smallest ledge in existence, down what must have been a good 20 stair to Henry rubbing his bum-hole on anything within sight. Jamie also refuses to shower for weeks on end, somehow smelling worse when he eventually does, which is why he’s ended up with the nickname ‘Pepperoni-Pits’. Seriously, fuck being in a car with him, he fucking stinks!

Jack Simmonds also bust his knee really bad whilst trying to one up his last trick. It all happened as some ripped security guard, who can only be described as a cloud, was trying to escort us off the premises so it was just all-round bad timing. I’m sure he’s just had surgery on it too, after being on a long ass waiting list, get well soon pal.

Joey Packman’s intro is absolutely insane, I’ve never seen a grown man fly like that. You’ll have to wait and see that one, but off camera he took his pants off and had managed to fall into a load of glass, it looked although he’d been stabbed up!

The main memory that springs to mind was a trip to Preston this summer. We had about five or six cars all loaded up with local talent, some of the Preston kids saw we had posted about the trip on our Facebook and came along to watch. Everyone killed it and put in their 100% to get tricks done, especially D-Bag who’s an animal. It was the first time filming with him and it’s safe to say the man is a machine. By far the most productive of all days.

12047201_10205175175448173_3657864736073207609_n

This film is entirely in VX, was this a hard decision to make with most people now leaning towards HD content?

I decided to buy a VX1000 just after my 21st birthday, which was when HD seemed to be taking over. I only really bought it to make small edits and never anticipated what it would turn into. I see a lot of people bringing out VX Parts recently, so maybe this is pretty good timing.

Finally, what can we expect from you and the crew in the future?

I would really like to aim my focus towards some smaller projects working with local shredders, park edits and much more travelling etc. I’ll most likely be taking the plunge and investing in a HD camera sometime soon. For the most part, I’ll be keeping the Blackpool scene alive. It hasn’t been this active as a community since the Banny days (RIP). Big ups to everybody and anybody that skates in this crusty, torn down town.

Enjoy this exclusive edit from the DVD featuring the St Anne’s crew charging the streets, stomping all over the lyrical spats of Blackpool MC EvilEyz. This footage was filmed only over a handful of sessions featuring Danny Moore, Leigh Devine, Yousef Souaidi, Liam Edgerton, Andrew Heppell and Danny Broadbent.

We asked some of the reprobates involved in this film to reminisce upon some of their favourite moments and experiences for your reading pleasure.

FH000037

Gabe Durkin

“One of my highlights from filming was seeing Sandy’s pale white penis dangling through a hole in the roof of a gazebo, like a disgusting fleshy chandelier. We were skating the back of a school, with a fucking stupidly thin piece of metal taped over skate stoppers that were at the top of a gnarly three block that Pendlebury was trying to varial heel, meanwhile pretty much everybody else was chilling. It was at this point, having been coaxed on by Max that Sandy decided to climb on top of the gazebo and dangle his manliness through a small rip. “They’ll take your kids off you, Sandy,” shouted Pendlebury. Classic. Pendlebury didn’t get his trick but Sandy got gnar, with his dick – his pale, dangly dick.”

Boardslide / Sam Pendlebury

Lloyd Mcleggon

“For me, it’s been more of a challenge rather than spending a period of time filming. Since I was a late addition on an already diminished length of time, I was interested to see how much I could actually get. So on the days the crew was out, it was already on my mind of how much should I aim for today? I know it isn’t always the best of attitudes but when you’ve only had four full days to film, it has to be done. I loved the vibe that was present when with the ATB crew! That is definitely something I haven’t felt in a long time, but we were all definitely in it together.

Because of my approach, I really enjoyed filming as much as possible. However, in the same breath, I didn’t enjoy the pressure I laid upon myself to film so much in such a small time frame. It was certainly exhausting.”

Sam Pendlebury

“Best memory of skating has to be when the lads from Blackpool came to Huddersfield skating with the lot from Endemic. They showed us some prime Yorkshire spots, crusty ditches and worn down reservoirs.
A good day of skateboarding and beer, but mainly beer. Whilst on the topic, my favourite memories for sure have been spent largely off camera whilst out drinking in Blackpool town. There may be many memories missed thanks to what The Mirror newspaper coined “The Booze Capital of the UK”. However, these memories mainly consist of Sandy’s occasional shuffling (once you manage to get him to drink any more than half a pint) which looks although his legs may be repeatedly breaking and fusing back together. Josh also seems to take a similar approach towards nights out whilst throwing the odd handstand in there, which consists of strewn limbs cascading into the faces of fellow club goers.

Finally, a bit of advice for anybody who wants to film a local video: Remember why you skateboard. IT’S FOR FUN! Don’t take it too seriously. Shout outs go to ATB and Jake for putting in the time and effort because I know I could not be arsed filming me for hours on end.”

Drop in / Henry Calvert / Shot by Josh Sanderson

Henry Calvert

“Firstly, apologies to everybody for exposing myself far too much and far too frequently, it’s reached the point now where Jake could probably tell me whether it’s a shaving rash or STD without even looking. It’s been absolutely amazing going to all of these great places with some of my best friends, every time we’ve been out has been emblazoned in memories. Max has been the ultimate motivator on all trips anywhere and everywhere, the drop in photo (above) is down to him calling, “Free ciggies or no teeth, your decision.” The teeth removal performed by his own hands of course. Max is like one of those super fucked skate dads who punish their kids for not landing shit, employing sanctions for not enough effort and time wasting would be a regular occurrence.

One of my favorite trips has to be going to Chorley with just a small group. Mr (Joey) Packman met up with us and it’s always amazing to see him skate with that sketchy and unorthodox approach – it simply looks magical no matter what the trick is. Later on in the day to avoid saturating the car any further with my bodily fluids, I decided to take a spill in a fountain, as it was the peak of the summer. A random woman with the raspiest, most irritating voice came over and screeched down a manhole on repeat: “GAREH, GAREH, THERE’S BOYS SLIDIN’ EVERYWHERE, SORT EM OOT!” It may have been the most comical line she’s every said in that fucking annoying voice.

Robert Sanderson

Filming for this video has been a right laugh, from skating the shitty crusty spots that Blackpool has to offer, to skating some other crusty spot just a road trip away. One standout memory has to be immediately after Josh carved part of his face up whilst in Huddersfield, I’m sure somebody would’ve mentioned this incident. Anyway, once we scraped Josh off the floor, leaving a good portion of his skin adhered to the concrete beneath him, we skated on to the next potential spot where a few Huddersfield heads are skating with Sidewalk’s editor, Ben Powell. Once Ben sees the state of Josh’s face, he rummages through the boot of the car in a Mary Poppins kind of way, reappearing moments later with a first aid kit. Josh in his half-hearted manner tosses out the phrase, “don’t worry about it mate, I’m a lifeguard”. This phrase deemed as a rhetoric throughout the day, with Josh beckoning it out every time somebody nearly bit the dust. One question I must ask Josh is where were you when those heroic lifeguard actions of yours were truly needed? You’re about as fake as David Hasselhoff. Poser.

It’s been pretty difficult this past year trying to film as I recently got married and having two kids has pretty much sponged up any remnants of a social life that I have remaining. Everybody was buzzed at the premiere. People travelled from all over Lancashire and Yorkshire to view the finished product. This was probably a regretful choice depending on how many clips they saw of Henry with his knob out.

12356813_713112948818715_4194679253099863655_o

Maxwell Oldrid

I don’t really know where to start with this. I hate skating street but this video would’ve been shit if I hadn’t spent half of the time bribing people to do tricks with either money, ciggies or digs. That’s how half of these tricks were landed. Obviously spending far too much time with these boys has resulted in seeing multiple cocks and anus’ on a regular basis (mostly Henry’s), there’s an obscure photo of his arse hole floating around on a roll of film somewhere. whoever ends up with that in 50 years is surely in for a treat.

Durk is my favourite memory. How he came to skate with us is unknown and his origins within this universe are also unknown, he’s an international man of mystery. Also we took an impromptu trip out to Kirkham one night and came across this abandoned fire station with tons of stuff to fuck about with. Of course we become the subject of a Banksy piece, pretending we’re complete vandals and hurling fire extinguishers through windows etc etc, I have never had so much fun being an utter cunt whilst surrounded by equally as large cunts!

Pick up the Mouth of the Ribble DVD from the ATB Collective for just £5 from here.

Wallie / Gabe Durkin / Shot by Josh Stanton

motr

Isle Skateboards – Vase review

isle_skateboards_vase_video_skate_review_download

In common with skateboarders across the UK, I spent a mid-week evening huddled in front of Isle’s debut full-length video ‘Vase’. This was courtesy of Nottingham’s 42 skate shop, with a large crowd squeezed onto Rough Trade’s trendy utilitarian chipboard benches drinking expensive craft lager.

The audience mixed fans of OG Blueprint, those who’ve seen and enjoyed Jacob Harris’ previous work, especially the award winning ‘Eleventh Hour’, and daft youth who don’t know or care about any of those things. This context is relevant to y’all, as any familiarity with Isle co-owner Nick Jensen’s other life as a fine artist, the brand’s unrepentant positioning towards the ‘arty’ end of the spectrum, and the series of high-concept web edits for Dazed & Confused could lead you to fear an experience veering towards the Quartersnacks parody of late-stage Alien Workshop: “seagulls….. seeaaaagullls….. seeeaaaa gullllllls”. But it doesn’t veer that way. For full disclosure, I really rate Isle’s thoughtful graphic output and dug their Dazed & Confused stuff – but I’m a pretentious bastard.

For more down-to-earth types, Vase manages to be more than a little arty whilst fully committing to raw, relatable street skating on almost entirely crusty ass spots. It’s urgent, fun, short and snappy, and makes you want to skate in the tradition of the fine ol’ proper skate videos made by old folk in ancient times. I say “video” not “film”: no one likes a trust-fund Tarquin who calls every Instagram post a fucking ‘feature film’ and they wouldn’t like Vase, and all is well with that.

Three things to cover: the filming and editing; the music; and the skating. The prophesied artsiness in the editing is pretty paired down – grainy skits of the team and a nice linking theme of silver party balloons initialing each skaters’ name that drift forlornly in the wind, deflate on spiked railings, or float out across the Thames. And quite a few floating vases plus the VX-as-flowerpot motif used in the magazine ads. But the filming is a game changer – with Jacob Harris taking the fidgety VX mastery one associates with Minuit/Magenta’s Yoan Taillandier to new levels, sticking unbelievably close to the skater, from super low down, and jerking towards or away from the obstacle to create a sense of speedy dynamism that queasily draws you along with the action. In this, Vase has similarities with Static, Minuit or the Japanese Lenz films – but overall looks entirely different, not least in the bleached palette that makes everything look drenched by weak, winter sunlight. Definite contender for honorary doctorate in VX studies, making others’ switch to HD look all weird again just as we’d finally gotten used to it. Vase also feels like a change-up on the more sedate, dreamy Eleventh Hour.

Onto the music, which is again a change on Jacob Harris’ previous stuff – eschewing Motown for a heavy 1980s UK electronic bias: Yazzoo, New Order…. Ian Rees spent the entire video delightedly bobbing about in my peripheral vision. But not to everyone’s tastes. Hip hop heads and Mixtape/Static purists left grumpily claiming song-for-song replay of the BBC’s Synth Britannia.

isle_studio_vase

Finally the skating. Despite some of it being obscured by Will Golding’s massive head in front of the screen (how can someone blessed with such precise, dexterous feet have a head the size and shape of a Looney Toons anvil?), the skating mixes relatable lines with the occasional mind-blowing banger. Tom Knox, with pro status awarded with the video’s release, opens with super quick feet, enviable flatland game and the closest of camera follows (or maybe I was just coveting his sneakers) and nails one of Vase’s super-bangers – ollieing out to a tight wallride then dropping into a subway underpass (with subways reoccurring later). This was one of my favourite sections of the video. Casper Brooker, with long legs that never seem to bend too much, nails the other highly notable banger – a kickflip across the width of the Southbank 7 into the flatbank the other side.

Paul Shier and Jon Nguyen share a section. Co-owner and transatlantic Blueprint hero Shier is short and sweet, with fast ledge combos and whipped flips on tight banks (no signature tres flip though) and Nguyen filling in the post-Blueprint hole left by Coakley: the bearded Yank with the super precise flip tricks, unafraid of jumping switch stance down curved hubbas. Enjoying Shier’s section, and then writing about it, hopefully pays penance for the time, shortly after the release of ‘Lost & Found’ when I (drunk out of my mind) sang “heart breaker” at him whilst he was waiting at a bar in Barcelona, a performance I sustained for a good one and a half minutes longer than either of us were comfortable with. That said bar was themed on a fairies’ grotto leaves absolutely nothing that isn’t drenched in shame. As someone of similar vintage, it’s stoking to see Shier continue to put it down to such a level – something he’d better continue doing until he drops dead at 103, otherwise I’m summoning a posse to fly out to LA to sing “heartbreaker” at him until everyone’s face melts like Raiders of the Lost Ark.

Sylvian Tognelli and Nick Jensen have solid sections mid-way through the video. For Jensen, with so many amazing sections under his belt at what is still a relatively young age – including sections that are contenders for ‘best section’ in videos stacked with great skaters (‘Lost & Found’, ‘City of Rats’ and ‘Eleventh Hour’) – it must be hard to plan a strategy, especially if you’re a notorious over thinker. In the case of Vase, Jensen opts for something a little more planned out than his more spontaneous ‘City of Rats’ section, with lines that seem deceptively simple (bump to bar ollies) before morphing into all switch or alternate ambidexterity. A couple of enormous switch flips, one down a stair set that would have been a section ender ten years’ ago, are thrown in the middle to remind us that Jensen can skate everything better than almost everyone.

The last section honours are held down by stylish Welshman Chris Jones – which ties with Tom Knox as my favourite of the video (on first watch, although you know how different sections churn around as favourites on repeat watches). A couple of the bank to block/bar tricks and the gap ollie into a tight bank stand out as the big tricks, but I really loved his couple of downhill lines through subway underpasses – long, fast flatland with alternate switch and regs tricks and then out-of-the-blue snaps down decent sized stair sets. He has a cool lanky, slightly hunched yet relaxed steez as well – kind of like Philly OG Brian Douglas – coupled with that enormous pop. Long downhill underpass lines for #trendwatch in 2016? Its got to be 20 years since Ricky, Tim O’Connor and Fred Gall did them on Eastern Exposure and 411.

Marks of a good skate video include an urge to skate immediately after (and at least 3 days of desperately wanting to push yourself to skate better before slipping into the usual tentative mediocrity) and a strong memory of both the detail and the overall feel of the thing. All those criteria are well met by Vase. I knew I’d dig it, as a fan of Blueprint, Eleventh Hour and a bunch of the skaters in their own rights, but I didn’t expect it to make such an original, skate-year defining impression.

Hope this installs Isle where they deserve to be in the eyes of the British (and global) consuming public, especially amongst those who are unafraid to take an hour out of a skate trip to visit a gallery.

Chris Lawton

Jacky – full video

jacky_skate_phil_zwijsen_footage_video_edit

If you expected Phil Zwijsen to sit around feeling sorry for himself when he’s injured then think again. His downtime only meant two things had to happen. Firstly to recuperate and secondly to get creative with others.

Enjoy Jacky with footage of Alex Raeymaekers, Axel Cruysberghs, Bram Decleen, Hans, Claessens, Jarne Verbruggen, Maarten De Ryck and Yeelen Moens who all feature in this black and white, 17 minute promo, shot in Belgium.

Eric Valladares’ Bum Wine part

eric_valladares_skate

This has got to be up there with the very best choices of video titles, especially if you are British. This crew come from NYC headed up by Dennis Williford who follows his SMEGMA video with Bum Wine. Eric Valladares‘ part dropped today, wait for the log ride and scroll down for more skating from this flick from Virginian ripper Richie Dahland on a 10″ coffin deck.

Pick up the DVD here.

Gilbert Crockett interview

gilbert_crockett_by_george_yarnton_crossfire

One of the best parts of being involved in skateboarding is appreciating someone else’s natural ability to ride one, especially when they are straight-forward rolling like Gilbert Crockett. The Virginian may have been left in Alien Workshop limbo with the rest of the team exactly a year ago, but it didn’t slow down his ability to progress whatsoever. He just pushed faster.

With a killer new part under his wing in the new Vans Propeller movie and launching a new skate company, Mother Collective, he’s had his work cut out, but Crockett’s attitude on and off a board comes across as nothing but refreshing. Chris Pulman spoke with him the week before Propeller hit screens to speak about the good things that have gone down of late:

Looks like you have a busy year ahead. You must be pretty excited?

Yes, I am. I can’t wait to see this video.

I guess filming for the Vans video is pretty much wrapped up by now. Are you happy with what you have for it?

Yeah, we’re all done. I am happy with what I have, it’s been a long time coming.

It’s gonna be pretty epic purely from the list of riders Vans has. Is there anyone in particular you’re looking forward to seeing a part from?

I’m really looking forward to AVE’s and Daniel’s parts, but also just the whole thing. I can’t wait to see what Greg does.

Greg Hunt has some formidable projects under his belt and a real ability for communicating skateboarding in a genuine way. Do you get any direction from him? Do you have a strong vision of how you’d like to be portrayed or is more a case of ‘just get on with it’ and do what you do as best and as interestingly as you can?

I think Greg and I see eye to eye on a lot of things, and I think what you said is true about him doing things in a genuine way, and that is definitely a goal of mine when trying to put something together. So, I think I’m definitely just inspired by Greg, and working with him motivates me because I feel like we have a mutual respect about both of us wanting to do our job well and be happy with what we make.

The feeling I get from watching the Cellout and Bust Crew videos is that you use your talent to skate everything you come across. There’s a real genuine excitement from the act of skateboarding that comes across from these. It reminds me of being younger and street skating and trying to do everything on anything. Do you still get that excitement of real challenges in real surroundings?

Yes of course. Skateboarding for me at this point is sort of an intimate, emotional thing for me. If I’m skating the shittiest ledge you’ve ever seen with my friends and everyone is excited and having fun and trying to do whatever we can on it, I’m going to skate better than when I’m on a more serious session and I can feel everything around me like, “Wow, I called this session out and I’m wasting everyone’s time if I don’t get this”. But even then, I want to try to get a clip or a photo that my friends will be siked on.

Do you think that’s a reflection of growing up in Virginia? I’ve never been there, but I’m guessing, like a lot of us that didn’t grow up in major cities, you have to make do with the architecture that’s directly in front of you.

Yeah. It definitely has to do with that, and also, I think getting older and after you’ve been skating for 10-15 years, you start to want to just fuck around with spots that you’ve driven by your whole life, and just learn how to skate different shit, or shittier shit.

At a time when a lot of media is digested in disposable web-clips and instagram posts, what do you feel is the purpose of a full-length skate film?

I think the full length video is just the real deal. It’s just doing it, really doing it. And when you do it right, it’s unmistakable. You can’t just pump these things out like you can a fucking web edit, they take YEARS to make, and you can see it. Videos that are made like this have an impact for a reason; they live in real skate shops and on skateboarders’ bookshelves — they’re not just taking up space.

Apart from the easily accessible nature of instagram clips, I also think that they’re inherently genuine. In a world where kids are hammered by a lot of shallow marketing, do you think that this genuineness is what really appeals to the skaters?

I don’t know, everything is so clouded. It’s hard to tell who is keeping it real anymore. But I try really hard to not hate and just pay attention to the people I like.

gilbert_crockett_switchflipI’ve heard that you’re very details-orientated when it comes to footwear especially. Do you have any reasons for this that you’d like to share or do you suffer from the same level of OCD that most skateboarders have when it comes to their gear?

I mean, I can’t just wear whatever. It’s got to be tested and approved to be a part of “the uniform” which is what AVE calls it. A lot of skateboarders work like this: you find a pair of jeans, a couple shirts, and usually some sort of hat that works for you, and you just run it into the ground until it falls apart or until you have your next gear crisis.

I’ve also heard that you like to look at authentic things and processes, be it footwear or tattoos. Personally, I love to know how everything works from making skateboards, footwear construction, leather-working and carpentry. Do you have any other skills or interests that you pursue as doggedly?

Yeah, I definitely pay a lot of attention to detail and how things are made. I paint flash and have messed around with making some clothes recently, but I don’t really pursue any of it. Hopefully one day.

Ph: Anthony Acosta / Vans

gilbert_crockett_anthony_acosta_vans

Your first Vans pro shoe is looking great. The Wafflecup seems like a perfect way to bring a little more consistency to a vulc-style shoe without losing any of the qualities that make that construction perfect for skateboarding. Have you had a lot of say in the development of that construction? There look to have been some subtle developments since the earlier Vans Stage IV shoes.

Yeah, it’s great. I really love it. My shoe is just the next generation of the waffle cup sole, we just found ways to improve it. I can’t say enough good things about the shoe and about Vans for letting me design a shoe that I love.

You’ve also included a mid-top version, which looks to be based on one of Vans’ longest running shoes, the Half Cab, do you wear either style in preference for any kind of terrain or do they both feel equally as good to you?

I usually skate the lows, but I always get into a mid phase like once a year or so where I’ll wear them for a while. I love both.

Ph: Greg Hunt / Vans

Greg_Hunt_Propeller_Dec2013_X3_024_50MB_vans_gilbert_crockett

Now that Mother Collective has launched, it must be a relief to end all the speculation after the AWS sabbatical. Is that how it feels?

What happened with Workshop was inevitable. AVE and Dill knew that, but here we are, and I’m happy that it did.

Lastly, I spied your Vans team page quickly before I started these questions and noticed that you mention ‘The Four Agreements’ by Don Miguel Ruiz. It’s a good philosophy for making the most of one’s lifetime. Is philosophy something that interests you a lot?

I don’t really pay much attention to it, but I do love that book, a lot of things inspire me, that was one of them.

Any philosophy on skateboarding that you’d like to end this with?

Have fun with your friends, stay up late and eat pie.

Interview by Chris Pulman.
Illustration by George Yarnton.
Gifs by Henry Calvert.
Download Vans’ Propeller skate video here.

Follow @crossfirezine on FB, Insta, Twitter and Tumblr for daily skate shit: *SINCE 2001*